Il rapporto del Dipartimento di Stato degli Stati Uniti del 2008 sui diritti umani documenta un inasprimento della repressione del dissenso, accompagnato da ulteriori restrizioni in ambito culturale e religioso, portato avanti pacificamente dal gruppo etnico degli Uyghur nella Repubblica Popolare Cinese. L’associazione americana degli Uyghur esprime la speranza che la nuova amministrazione Obama sostenga pubblicamente e con decisione la causa dei diritti umani anche durante i rapporti diplomatici con la Cina.
Segue l’articolo in inglese della Uyghur American Association.
The US State Department 2008 Human Rights Report, released on February 25, documents a decline in the human rights situation for the Uyghur people of East Turkestan (also known as Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (XUAR), in the People’s Republic of China (PRC)). The report documents an increase in already harsh repression of peaceful dissent, together with increased restrictions on cultural and religious practices among Uyghurs. The Uyghur American Association (UAA) commends the State Department for highlighting the human rights abuses in East Turkestan, including the arbitrary execution of Uyghurs; the imprisonment and detention of Uyghur political prisoners; the use of force to compel Uyghur women to undergo late-term abortions; the fierce suppression of religious practices among both Muslim and Christian Uyghurs; a steep rise in the official number of arrests on state security charges in East Turkestan; official encouragement of Han Chinese migration into the region; the eradication of Uyghur-language instruction in East Turkestan; and broad crackdowns on “terrorism, extremism and separatism” that were used to target those peacefully seeking to express their political or religious views. As Secretary of State Hillary Clinton remarked at the launching of the 2008 Human Rights Report, “our security and prosperity and progress is enhanced when people in other places emerge from the shadows to gain the opportunities and rights that we enjoy and treasure.” UAA believes this statement to be particularly relevant to the Uyghur case in the PRC, as the Chinese government fails to address the root causes of instability in the region and crushes peaceful dissent instead of working to mitigate widespread social and political inequality. UAA hopes that Secretary Clinton and the Obama administration will raise concerns regarding Uyghur human rights and Uyghur political prisoners when meeting with Chinese officials, and express strong public support for human rights in addition to engaging the PRC on other issues. “The U.S. must call upon the Chinese government to make real progress on human rights, including economic, social and cultural rights,” said Uyghur democracy leader Rebiya Kadeer. “US officials must take a strong stand on issues affecting Uyghurs that are mentioned in the 2008 Human Rights Report, including the Chinese government’s use of the ‘war on terror’ to persecute the broader Uyghur population.”
According to the State Department’s report, “during the year XUAR officials defended the campaign against separatism as necessary to maintain public order and continued to use the threat of violence as justification for extreme security measures directed at the local population and visiting foreigners.” The report included mentions of several specific cases of Uyghur political prisoners, including the continued imprisonment of Alim and Ablikim Abdureyim, sons of Rebiya Kadeer; the detention in August of Mehbube Ablesh, a Uyghur writer, poet, and employee of Xinjiang People’s Radio who posted articles online that criticized the central government and provincial leaders; and the trial and detention of Alimujiang Yimiti (Alimjan Yimit), a Uyghur Christian employed by a foreign-owned company, on the charge of “endangering national security”.
Please find highlights from the report below. The entire report can be accessed here: http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2008/eap/119037.htm .