Alcune riflessioni sulla situazione dei diritti umani nel Turkestan Orientale (Xinjang)

Alcune riflessioni di Willy Fautre, editore di Human Rights Without Frontiers International, una ONG di base a Bruxelles.  Gli Uighuri come I Tibetani sono soggetti a una feroce repressione da parte del regime comunista cinese, soprattutto per quanto riguarda le categorie seguenti. 

La forzata assimilazione della cultura cinese Han; 
I continui tests nucleari nel Turkestan Orientale (Xinjang);  
L’oppressione durante le Olimpiadi; 
La soppressione di ogni libertà per gli Uighuri. 

In breve, l’incessante repressione della cultura e religione uighura, a causa dello sfruttamento delle risorse naturali della regione e dell’importanza militare della stessa continuerà e nessun miglioramento avrà luogo finquando il regime non migliorerà la situazione dei diritti umani nella regione. 

Segue l’articolo in inglese.  
 
Some thoughts about the human rights situation in Xinjiang
 
A Han Chinese in China has addressed his reflexions on the situation in Xinjiang to HRWF Int’l  
 
HRWF Int’l (11.07.2009) – Website: http://www.hrwf.net – Email: info@hrwf.net – On July 5, 2009, more than ten thousand people gathered together in Urumqi to protest against the death of a Uyghur in Shaoguan. Although it was a peaceful protest,  it was subject to bloody suppression by the communist regime. Over 1000 Uyghurs were arrested.  
 
It is well known that Tibetans and Uyghurs have the strongest sentiments of separatism among all the ethnic groups in China. Many reasons can be listed to support this. The most important one is that their culture and religious beliefs are totally different from those of the Han people. Therefore, they have been less assimilated into the Han culture than other ethnic groups. Their appearance is entirely different from that of Han people. For this reason, they have suffered the most formidable oppression from the Chinese government. The international community should pay more attention to their fate. 
 
In my opinion, the present persecution that the Uyghurs have suffered can be classified into the following categories:  
 
1.      Assimilation of Han Culture 
This is a common problem that many ethnic groups in China are facing. On one hand, there is a surprisingly increasing number of Han people migrating to Xinjiang and on the other hand the Chinese government has forced a large number of Uyghurs to migrate to the Han areas to receive Han culture education. This has led to the decrease of the proportion of Uyghurs “in their own autonomous region” and to the gradual assimilation of their own culture. Beijing still claims that the Uyghurs enjoy freedom of religion, but in comparison with the past situation, nothing has changed. The CCP still maintains a tight control on their religious activities. 
 
2.      Nuclear Test Pollution 
According to incomplete statistics, up to now over 100 nuclear tests have been conducted in Xinjiang. Many Uyghurs have been subject to radioactive effect, which can be considered as a grave violation of their survival rights.
 
3.      Beijing Olympics 
Uyghurs demanding their basic human rights to be respected are often subject to crackdowns. Last year during the Olympics, the situation grew more tense as Beijing government said all the Uyghurs in Xinjiang are “terrorists” but everybody knows that the government is trying to find excuses for its suppression of the Uyghurs. This  will unavoidably lead to resistance to a greater extent.
 
4.      Right of Liberty 
Now the Uyghurs represent less than half of the population in Xinjiang, their historical lands, and there is little chance for them to gain their independence peacefully, even through a hypothetic referendum. However, the communist regime goes on thinking that its rule can be maintained only by violence.
 
As Xinjiang constitutes a very important strategic and military position and has rich energy resources, the communist regime will undoubtedly keep a very tight control over the region and carry out a heavy-handed policy against the Uyghurs. No substantial improvement of the human rights situation of the Uyghurs can be expected within a short period. However, if Beijing does not improve the human rights situation in Xinjiang and cannot create a truly harmonious society, separatist movements could be perceived as an attractive but dangerous option.

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