Cina:disoccupazione, previste ondate di proteste

La Cina si aspetta un’ondata di violente proteste per quest’anno quando i disoccupati tenteranno di trovare lavoro dopo il festival cinese che festeggia il nuovo anno e milioni di neolaureati entreranno nel mercato del lavoro.Segue l’articolo in inglese

CHINA is bracing itself for a surge of violent protest this year when
unemployed migrant workers try to find work after the Chinese new year
festival and millions of university graduates enter the jobs market.

Discontent could burst into the open and spread widely, according to an influential government magazine.

The article appeared to be issued as a warning to Communist Party officials to handle grievances with care.
China’s
rulers have long been nervous that social instability might weaken
their grip on power and undermine their claim to rule.
They are
anxious that celebrations to mark the 60th anniversary of Communist
Party rule on October 1 should be picture-perfect and are determined to
avoid a repeat of thestudent demonstrations in Tiananmen Square that
were crushed 20 years ago on June 4 by troops and tanks.
This
week’s issue of The Outlook Magazine, published by the Government’s
Xinhua news agency, carried one of the starkest and most public
warnings yet of trouble this year.
Huang Huo, a senior Xinhua reporter, told the magazine: “Without doubt, now we are entering a peak period for mass incidents.”
Mr
Huang, whose words in such a publication must reflect government
policy, said: “In 2009, Chinese society may face even more conflicts
and clashes that will test the governing abilities of all levels of the
party and Government.”
Large numbers of migrant workers have lost
their jobs. Their numbers will be swollen by seven million graduates
later in the year, bringing enormous pressure to create employment.
Mr
Huang said the Government faced two periods of particular crisis: one
in the month after the Chinese new year festival on January 25, when
migrant workers might be disappointed when they returned to cities to
search for jobs; and the second in July, after university students
graduated.
“If in 2009 there is a large number of unemployed rural
migrant labourers who cannot find work, milling around in cities with
no income, the problem will be even more serious,” he said.
The
magazine said the authorities estimated close to 10million rural
migrant workers had lost their jobs, but it gave no time frame for the
sackings.
The China Economic Weekly said total layoffs for last year exceeded the official tally of 8.3million.
The
Chinese Academy of Social Sciences put the rising urban jobless rate at
9.4 per cent – more than double the Government’s published rate.
Mr
Huang indicated the problem was acute: “Social conflicts have already
formed a certain social mass base so that as soon as there is an
appropriate fuse, it always swiftly explodes and clashes escalate
quickly.”
President Hu Jintao has pledged to make China a
“harmonious society” where social differences are narrowed, but rising
tension over vanishing jobs and shrinking incomes, coupled with
longstanding anger over corruption and land seizures, are testing his
promise.

The Times

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